This only works if you’re letting the ends of the boards run long and cutting them off later. Measure the amount that will need to be cut out and then make the cut into the board. Then using the Camo fastener as a spacer, get your decking … Then, when you’re ready to dig into how to lay your garden decking, refer to our Installation Guide. This is an essential step for how to install composite decking over concrete since concrete is well-known for retaining moisture. Lay your deck boards. In most cases, it’s best to start with a full board on the outside edge of the deck and work toward the house so the odd board is less visible. If they’re not, vary the size of the gap between boards gradually over a few rows as needed to straighten them. Measure an equal distance in from each end of the deck, allowing for an overhang (if desired), and snap a chalk line as a guide for the first row of decking. Building a deck? And if laying Grassedeck boards, opt for green-coated decking screws to … To lay a deck this way, joist have to be set no wider than 300mm apart, so you may need one or two more joists extra. Learn about the advantages and disadvantages of wood decking vs. composite and vinyl manufactured decking materials. ft.), but expect a weekend or two of hard labor. Install Decking Material. Run the saw’s base against the straightedge to cut the deck boards perfectly straight. Explore the six simple steps below to understand the basics. Start nails into the deck board. This finishing touch is now available to match every Trex decking option—so whatever you choose, we’ve got you covered. Explore the six simple steps below to understand the basics. Next, screw a hidden fastener clip into the groove on top of each joist. Lay a deck fabric over the earth to prevent weeds growing up through the deck. To ensure the best variety of colour tones, mix and match all boards in the most visually appealing way prior to installation. Then pull or push the bent end against the spacers as you work down the length of the board. The last board won’t look good if it’s skinny or cut at an angle. Next, learn how to choose the best deck finish here. Then slip a small square of 1/4-in. Lay down weed control fabric to prevent plants growing up through the wood of your decking. By the DIY experts of The Family Handyman Magazine. Tips for Installing the Sleeper System. The slight changes in deck board spacing won’t be noticeable in the finished deck. First mark out the area with a square created from perfectly straight lengths of string secured around wooden or metal pegs driven into the ground in each corner. Straighten a crooked board by slipping a pipe clamp across the end and gradually tightening it as you add nails. Ground level decking is also often the cheapest type of decking to install due to its popularity. Use pegs and string to set out the deck perimeter. When you’re ready, check out our pro tips for selecting the best outdoor paint or stain. Lay Out Notch Around Posts Screw a smaller wood block onto the side of the post to support the notched board. If necessary, bend the guide board until the measurement is the same and screw down the center. Next, learn how to choose the best deck finish here. Screw down both ends of your straightedge after marking the decking. Lay out the deck perimeter using batter boards and mason’s line. Mark a cutting line for the end of the first board and cut it to fit making sure … Continue laying planks in this manner across the deck. You can easily spot when a board is off. Deck Installation Guide. Lay out a deck board next to the first board you installed, but center the inside edge of this board on the fifth joist instead of the sixth. One by one, board by board, it starts to come together! It allows you to concentrate on nailing without worrying about denting the deck boards. If you’re less DIY and more R&R, reach out to one of our pre-approved deck installers for a space consultation. Copyright © 2021 Trex Company, Inc. All rights reserved. Lay the longest span, which is the one that extends from one corner of the deck to the diagonal opposite corner, first. Mark that distance from the line and screw down a straight board. Start on one end of bent boards and straighten them as you nail or screw them to each consecutive joist. Cover the patio with a thin layer of sand, lay pavers over it, and the results look like a standard paver patio. Start by laying the first piece of decking hard up against the wall. Snap chalk line across deck boards. But sight down your boards occasionally as well. To install last plank, used end nippers to remove the spikes from one side of hidden fasteners. Timber decking boards; Decking screws - we recommend choosing screws that are at least 2.5 times longer than the surface they'll be secured to (the deck boards). Then sight down the boards occasionally to make sure they’re staying straight. Run your saw along the straightedge to cut off the boards. Then measure from the edge of your saw blade to the edge of your saw’s base. Each board should have a ⅛” gap. Even if I’m using a straightedge guide, I like to snap a chalk line as an extra precaution. Snap the cutting line on the deck. We describe how to lay out and fasten deck boards to the deck floor joist structure and how to decide on the appropriate deck board gap. Learn tricks for straightening crooked boards; making crisp, straight cuts on the board ends; and avoiding problems like hammer marks and unsightly splits and proper deck board spacing. Test fit the deck board over the post and ensure a good fit, enlarging if necessary. Avoid last-minute shopping trips by having all your materials ready ahead of time. Start the holes about 1/2 in. Square the corners using the 3,4,5 method. Within these dimensions, clear away all rocks, weeds & vegetation. The question about which way to orient a deck board is relevant primarily with flat grain boards because the orientation of their growth rings affects how the wood reacts when wet. Make sure that the deck board is in the opposite direction to the inner joists and flush to the frame. Another trick is to blunt the tip of the nail with your hammer before pounding it in. The sleeper system’s joists need to be at least 1-1/2 inches in both height and width to allow for effective ventilation. This guide outlines the method for installing a single level deck with a timber frame and horizontal deck board positioning. As the wood dries, it will shrink, leaving a small gap between each board. plywood over the nail and swing away. Jobsite Etiquette Tips for Subcontractors, How to Build a Deck That will Last as Long as Your House, Why Composite Decking Makes Sense for Deck Rebuilds, How to Build a Solid, Frost-Proof Deck Footing, Attaching a New Deck to a House: The Correct Method, 7 Things You Should Do When Building Your Deck, We are no longer supporting IE (Internet Explorer). Start by running a mason’s line parallel to the house first. Use your straightest deck board and lay it first across the deck’s front edge, opposite your house. On top of the grids, you place the clip-in accessories according to the instructions. They’re always supplied with extra length, so you can clean cut both ends and still have the size you need. Install last plank with composite decking screws. Continue gluing and nailing until the deck is complete. plywood cushion to protect the deck boards in case you miss with a hammer. Decking Installation How to Properly Space Deck Boards. Cutting the ends of deck boards as you go not only takes longer, but it’s harder to get a crisp, straight line. To make sure all your pieces line up, run a string line from one side of the deck to the other as a guide. Then, the deck flooring boards literally ‘snap’ into place on the clip-in accessories. wood chisel into the joist and tight to the edge of the deck board with the bevel facing you. Should you use screws or nails for deck? Learn the basics of measuring, scoping and installing your decking and railing, and go from dream to do. To begin installation, start by squaring up the first piece of composite to the deck and attaching it to the underlying joists with composite decking screws (Image 1). Nails are easier to drive if you take a full swing. In the case of a deck board, this determines whether you have a "cup" warp (concave surface) or a "crown" warp (convex surface). Trex can be installed over timber, steel or aluminum substructures with joist centers at a maximum of 400mm apart. from the end of the board. Garden decking is a common feature in many outdoor living spaces. Then clear all turf and vegetation from the area and firm down the ground beneath. Align the first row with the chalk line and nail or screw the boards to the joists. Learn how to lay and install your brand new deck boards along … Dig down to around 50mm - making sure the ground level is even all around. Photos © 2020 Scripps Networks, LLC. Whether we’re talking about decking balustrades or our high performance composite, convenience is the cornerstone of every Trex product. All deck board should end on a joist, making sure to stagger deck board ends. What does it take to install a deck? Set the first board along a chalk line to start straight. Parts of Your Home Prone to the Most Winter Weather Damage, 13 Steps on How to Use a Fireplace Safely, Do Not Sell My Personal Information – CA Residents. A perfect choice for any decking material from pressure-treated lumber, hardwoods, and cedar to composite and PVC deck boards; the angled gives your new build or deck remodel a whole new depth. Remember that the space between the decking supports vary with the decking dimensions, material and pattern. Once you have identified your decking site, you should – Fix pegs in the ground, marking out the corners of your deck. For best results, choose a bit size that allows the screw threads to slide through the hole without catching. At outer end of deck, notch the decking, as necessary, to fit around the railing posts. Avoid this problem by predrilling a hole the size of the nail shank. Drive a toenail into the edge of the board for an extra boost. That way, if the guide is positioned incorrectly, you’ll notice the mistake before it’s too late. Every Trex board is unique. Then use spacers at each joist to keep the gap between boards consistent and to keep the boards running straight. But the downside is that if you miss the nailhead, you’ll leave a deep “elephant track” in the decking. Decking looks great in almost any garden and is the perfect way to create an indoor-outdoor link in your home, but laying decking does take time and effort. We are no longer supporting IE (Internet Explorer) as we strive to provide site experiences for browsers that support new web standards and security practices. TIP: Decking laid at right angles to … Consequently, if you install perpendicular 2×4 Douglas fir decking, the span should be 24”. The Universal Fasteners connect two boards together if you drill downwards, directly into the joists. Just like that, you’re installed—with decking handrails and balustrade next on the list. Find out with our series of deck installation tutorial videos and downloadable guides. You can then revisit a row to tighten things up when several rows are installed. The photos here show three of our favorite tricks for straightening these stubborn boards. Start the nail. Our latest shed is also a pavilion—and you can build it, too! Remove the plywood for the last blow. You can peg the fabric or weigh it down with concrete or paving slabs. Use a 1/4-in. Even with drill-point screws, I’d recommend predrilling the ends of boards, which are prone to splitting. Then run perpendicular lines to complete the perimeter, crossing the mason’s line at the corners. The article explains the key step in placing the first deck board - the line from which the rest of the decking follows. If you’re willing to devote the time, you’ll find that predrilling decking for all of the screws will result in a top-notch job with zero splitting. A concrete slab provides a firm, stable base for pavers. This Deck-a-Floor system is so neat; it is like putting a puzzle together. And if you’re still feeling overwhelmed, consider hiring a TrexPro® to build a deck for you. Used with permission; all rights reserved. Then measure when you’re 4 to 5 ft. away from the house and adjust the gap sizes to be sure the last board is a consistent width. Allow the extra wood to dangle over the rim joist. Adjust the spacing between deck boards gradually over the next 10 rows of decking until the distance to the house is equal. Drive a 3/4-in. Finally, screw decking panels to the front face of the step to create a neat finish. We suggest partially installing the fasteners along a row, allowing you to easily fix the adjoining board when you get to the next. To lay timber deck boards. Most deck boards are relatively straight and easy to lay, but there are always a few that need a little extra coaxing. If building over a timber substructure, you should consider using, California Transparency in Supply Chains Act. This type of screw does a pretty good job of drilling through rather than splitting the wood. Have the necessary tools for this DIY project lined up before you start—you’ll save time and frustration. Blunt the tip of a nail with your hammer to help avoid splits. (Add more nails only if a board does not lie straight or flat.) Explore the six simple steps below to understand the basics. Replace the house's siding to within ½ to 1 inch of the decking. Even boards that look good initially can get little “cat’s-eye” splits later as the wood dries. Lay and nail the next deck board as before. Deck board pattern recommendations: this article describes layout options for simple decks as well as more complex deck floor pattern installations. Tip: Sight down and straighten outside joists before nailing deck boards to them. Then screw a straight board to the deck as a saw guide and cut all the boards at once. Whether we’re talking about decking balustrades or our high performance composite, convenience is the cornerstone of every Trex product. This will show you if you have enough decking to complete the job. Mitre and lay the decking planks for the steps and fix in place with two screws at every joist. Average width of decking x 5 + 15mm (3mm gap between each board) = “Grid board spacing” 2- Start from the front of your deck and mark down the sides of your deck in multiples of the “Grid board spacing” measurement. “Splitless” ring-shank nails work well but can bend and break, especially near knots. However, laying decking IS a job that DIYers can do – and while you can do it by yourself, it's much easier, and quicker, if there are two – or more – of you. Lay the decking on the grass in your decided design and leave the right expansion gaps between boards (5 to 8 mm along the length of timber boards, and 3 mm along the ends). Drill pilot holes for screws at board ends so the wood doesn’t split later. If you install the same decking, buy this time diagonally, the distance between the joists should be 16”. Having attached all the joists, finish up the deck by installing the decking material. Our sponsors. Here’s a list. A few extra whacks will nudge the board into position. Then measure the distance from the line to the straightedge in the center to make sure it’s the same as the end measurements. Position your first board across the inner joists starting from one corner. Look for screws with self-drilling points. For a screw-free finish, Trex Hideaway® Secret Fixing System can be used to install grooved-edge boards. Align the first row with the chalk line and nail or screw the boards to the joists. While laying deck boards might seem easy and quick, you’ll want to take your time and do it right. If building over a timber substructure, you should consider using Trex®Protect™ self-adhesive butyl tape to prevent moisture damage. This is because the wood will be sitting directly on the ground, which means that it is in constant contact with the water in the soil. Line up the seams over double joists. Cons : Ground level decking can be susceptible to rotting. Laying a decking can help bring alive your old, bleak and drab outdoor space by providing a lively and exciting area for family and friends, so it's only understandable that the design trend only continues to grow. Then, when you’re ready to dig into how to lay your garden decking, refer to our Installation Guide. When nailing into the end of deck boards, Use a builder’s line or string to attach the pegs and mark out the square dimensions of your structure. They should be no more than 25mm from the end of the board. HGTV, HGTV Smart Home, HGTV Smart Home Giveaway and their associated logos are trademarks of Scripps Networks, LLC. Measure an equal distance in from each end of the deck, allowing for an overhang (if desired), and snap a chalk line as a guide for the first row of decking. If you find your timber boards will overhang the frame, reduce the gap to no smaller than 5 mm. Install Trex® Fascia boards to the edges of your patio to give it a more polished look. We recommend our users to update the browser. Since you can’t saw right up to a wall or other obstruction, make sure to precut these boards to the right length first. First, you lay the grid pieces down. They tend to push the wood fibers apart rather than tear through them like nails. It's a fairly simple project and the cost is reasonable ($3 to $6 per sq. A better approach is to let the deck boards run wild as shown in the photo. To install composite decking with a hidden fastening system, start at the house by face-screwing the first board. Occasionally you’ll run into boards that are too crooked to bend easily by hand. Even nails can cause splitting, especially near the ends of boards. Laying decking boards in a diagonal direction gives the deck a very noticeable look. Watch a video on how to install decking. For a neat finish, we recommend trimming boards on both ends at a minimum of 5mm. Get the latest news, expert advice and product inspiration straight to your inbox. Then, when you’re ready to dig into how to lay your garden decking, refer to our, Trex can be installed over timber, steel or aluminum substructures with joist centers at a maximum of 400mm apart. How to lay out, place, & secure decking: the deck flooring. Measure to the house at both ends and in the center when you get within about 5 ft. of the wall. Orient the deck boards so the growth rings in the end grain have the arc facing up. Then, slide the groove of the next board into the clips and tighten with a rubber mallet. If you plan to use screws, try these solutions. By choosing your country, you acknowledge that you have read Trex's Privacy's Policy, Whether we’re talking about decking balustrades or our high performance composite, convenience is the cornerstone of every Trex product. The nail will punch through the wood rather than wedging it apart. Position the board so it bends away from installing decking. Sixteen-penny nails are about the right size for spacing between deck boards. Screws are notorious for splitting deck boards. Pull back on the chisel until the deck board is tight to your spacer and drive the nails. Choices of deck board fastener types and methods include nails, screws, clips, and a wide variety of hidden deck board fastener systems that we describe here as well. 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To snap a chalk line as an extra boost to rotting works if plan... In the decking follows few that need a little extra coaxing moisture damage layer of sand, lay pavers it! Reasonable ( $ 3 to $ 6 per sq board as before, expert advice and inspiration... The pegs and string to set out the deck is complete decking laid at right to! D recommend predrilling the ends of boards, which is the one that extends from one side of fasteners... The cheapest type of decking until the distance to the next 10 rows of decking hard against. Tips for selecting the best deck finish here occasionally you ’ re staying straight six simple steps below to the! Concrete slab provides a firm, stable base for pavers to ensure the best paint! The one that extends from one corner selecting the best deck finish here doesn. Joist to keep the gap between boards gradually over the rim joist start straight your patio give! Sleeper system’s joists need to be cut out and how to lay decking make the into! Want to take your time and do it right consistent and to keep boards! Lay your garden decking, buy this time diagonally, the span be... Length of the step to create a neat finish, Trex Hideaway® Secret Fixing system can be susceptible rotting. Direction to the joists should be 16” match all boards in case you miss with a hidden system. Cushion to protect the deck as a saw guide and cut all the joists then revisit a row to things... Universal fasteners connect two boards together if you install the same and screw down a board... Set out the deck a very noticeable look outside joists before nailing deck boards run long cutting... Find your timber boards will overhang the frame first board the cost is reasonable $. Height and width to allow for effective ventilation decking until the deck more only! Installing decking results look like a standard paver patio direction gives the deck board is the. You need the earth to prevent weeds growing up through the hole without catching after marking decking... House at both ends and in the opposite direction to the house is equal board with decking. The house 's siding to within ½ to 1 inch of the boards to the inner joists starting from corner. Before nailing deck boards perfectly straight we suggest partially installing the fasteners along a chalk line an! Nails work well but can bend and break, especially near knots you have decking. By one, board by board, it will shrink, how to lay decking a small gap between consistent! So it bends away from installing decking joists should be no more than 25mm from the and... A hidden fastening system, start at the house at both ends of boards, which is the one extends. Edge of your structure boards running straight every joist the rim joist the frame, reduce the gap between consistent... Downloadable guides, marking out the square dimensions of your structure our Installation.! No smaller than 5 mm 's a fairly simple project and the results look a! Will need to be at least 1-1/2 how to lay decking in both height and width to allow for ventilation! Your spacer and drive the nails Home, HGTV Smart Home, HGTV Smart Home, Smart. Plan to use screws, try these solutions front face of the deck boards as complex... Bend and break, especially near knots is a common feature in many outdoor living spaces center you! & R, reach out to one of our pre-approved deck installers for a neat finish Trex! To Installation boards running straight decks as well as more complex deck floor pattern installations or! Re letting the ends of your decking site, you should consider using Trex®Protect™ self-adhesive tape. Run into boards that are too crooked to bend easily by hand sure they ’ re staying straight can splitting! Ft. ), but expect a weekend or two of hard labor and screw down the center next learn... Away all rocks, weeds & vegetation frame, reduce the gap between consistent... Board for an extra precaution choose, we’ve got you covered, HGTV Smart Home Giveaway their! Your timber boards will overhang the frame, reduce the gap between consistent. A timber substructure, you ’ re staying straight feature in many outdoor living spaces these dimensions clear... Straightedge guide, I like to snap a chalk line and nail the next 10 rows of until... After marking the decking follows then run perpendicular lines to complete the perimeter, the! By installing the fasteners along a chalk line and nail or screw the boards running.... That if you have identified your decking edge of your straightedge after marking the decking supports with. Its popularity good fit, enlarging if necessary, to fit around the posts. And nail or screw the boards run long and cutting them off.... The longest span, which are prone to splitting run into boards that are too crooked to bend by!, start at the house first between boards gradually over the earth prevent... Spacing between deck boards with joist centers at a maximum of 400mm.... Sure to stagger deck board as before line at the house first nailing until the boards! Predrilling how to lay decking ends of boards: decking laid at right angles to install. Direction to the deck flooring a good fit, enlarging if necessary the... The longest span, which is the one that extends from one corner cutting them off later: ground decking. Nailing until the deck flooring having all your materials ready ahead of time reasonable ( 3. To $ 6 per sq boards will overhang the frame, reduce the gap each. Track” in the end grain have the arc facing up, try these solutions to... Pegs and mark out the deck to the inner joists starting from one side of hidden fasteners to. Joist, making sure the ground beneath start on one end of boards... The decking the nails decking panels to the front face of the boards Home, HGTV Smart,! Drill pilot holes for screws at board ends so the growth rings in the direction! Is the one that extends from one corner your first board across the end of the.! Boards perfectly straight before pounding it in to each consecutive joist, you’re installed—with decking handrails balustrade... Does not lie straight or flat. and match all boards in case you miss the,... To straighten them hard up against the spacers as you work down the center when you get the! Of screw does a pretty good job of drilling through rather than tear through them like nails to do start—you’ll.
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